Neurosurgery is a surgical specialty which focuses on disorders of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, the skull and spine, as well as the arteries which feed the brain. The majority of neurosurgery practiced in the USA treats degenerative diseases of the spine.
In the past 100 years, surgery of the brain, spine, and peripheral nerves has become incredibly sophisticated. A century ago, the removal of acoustic neuromas involved "digital extraction," i.e. the tumor was shelled out of the head with an ungloved finger! Most patients died. Today, microsurgical techniques can cure these tumors while preserving hearing, facial movement, and sensation with practically no mortality. Accurate brain imaging and powerful computer software now allows the cure of acoustic neuromas non-invasively, on an out-patient basis, in a single treatment with focused radiation (Gamma Knife radiosurgery).
This new century holds great promise for minimally invasive techniques for tumors and blood vessel disease and novel treatments of movement disorders by genetic manipulation and neuro-regeneration. It will be the century of the brain!
This section describes new methods of neurosurgery offered by the Neurosurgical Medical Clinic.